عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Objectives: Because crime occurs locally, proper design of the environment, which is presented in the form of architecture and urbanization, can be a good solution to crime prevention. Many factors affect the occurrence of crime, but they must be It should be noted that until a perpetrator, in an environment, an opportunity for committing a crime at a low risk, can not be prevented from committing crimes by the perpetrator.
Method: The research was carried out using descriptive and analytical methods of measuring pedestrian situation and urban crime. The obtained criteria were evaluated. movement and accessibility, physical and urban landscape. Finally, strategies are prioritized and proposed based on the QSPM matrix.
Findings: In the field of physical system, the most important weakness factor is the density of parts with a surface area of over 2,000 square meters with a weighted score of 0.2, the most important strength of the existence of spatial sets, hotspots and indicator spaces (old fields and squares) with weight rating The 0.664, the most important opportunity for the restoration of the original historical skeletons and the values found in the single buildings, the body of the axes and the public spaces with a weighted score of 0.664, is the most important threat to the lack of attention to the protection and restoration of historic areas and valuable buildings with a weighted score. 0.166, in this way the most important sub criteria are.
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, environmental lighting as an urban landscape component is effective in reducing the incidence of urban crime. Texture weakness as an urban component in increasing the incidence of urban crime is effective. Various types of use as One of the components of land use is effective in reducing urban crime.