عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Today, collusion in various types of government transactions, including the most important economic crimes, leads to the violation of healthy competition and the occurrence of numerous crimes and violations. The present study looks at the various UN guidelines and the experience of leading countries and the field pathology of the country in order to localize the most up-to-date solutions to prevent corruption and collusion in government transactions.
Method: The method of conducting this research was a combination of descriptive-analytical method in the form of library tools and qualitative field method through distribution of questionnaires among government traders and random sampling method were analyzed.
Findings: Determining components such as ensuring transparency, making public transaction information accessible, strengthening competition among participants, resorting to e-government, ensuring transaction integrity and giving a place to outside observers are among the most effective measures to prevent collusion in transactions. The government enumerated. Also, by resorting to the measures of this prevention, it is possible to increase the health of the conclusion of these transactions by anticipating the entry of the orbital stage of the violating regulatory institutions in holding government transactions.
Conclusions: Reactive action only in collusion in government transactions as one of the economic crimes cannot have a significant effect, but situational prevention through the integration of government transaction monitoring and comprehensive legislation in the field of transaction procedures has a special place. Also, the participation of various institutions in preventive measures increases the effectiveness of these measures.